TRIP TO PRAHOVA VALLEY
Prahova Valley mountain attracts tourists due to its picturesque landscapes, wild Carpathian forests, historical landmarks infracstructurii fascinating and complex for winter sports.
A SANCTUARY IN THE MOUNTAINS
Sinaia Monastery (named after Mount Sinai, where Moses and his people received the Tablets of the Law of God) is the most important religious center of the Prahova Valley. The founder of the monastery, Prince Mihail Cantacuzino, decided to build during a pilgrimage to the Holy Earth.
Originally, the structure was to host only 12 monks, however, their number has grown steadily over the centuries (although it is currently 13).
Surrounded by massive walls, the monastery gave shelter local people during wars. Complex constructions include two magnificent churches in Byzantine style: Old Church and United Church.
The building includes walls with colorful paintings and mosaics illustrating scenes from the Bible and historical figures important in Romania such as the monastery founder, Prince Mihail Cantacuzino, King Charles I, his wife Elizabeth and their daughter Princess Maria, who died when he was child.
- Romanian name – Prahova Valley
- Location – Romania, Braşov, Prahova, Ilfov
- Raul – Prahova
- The length of the river – 183 km
- Prahova River basin area – 3740 km square
- Mountain ranges – Baiu and Bucegi
- Royal luxury Prahova Valley
Peles and Pelisor castles are two fascinating dominates over the valley to Sinaia, but have very little to do with fortresses guarding the Carpathian region in the past.
The two castles were built by order of King Carol I of Hohenzollern of Romania, who was fascinated by the Prahova Valley after visiting the local monastery.
Peles castle construction lasted 10 years. Pelisor, located just below, was built by King nephew and heir, Prince Ferdinand. Both castles palaces make us think of stories.
Each of these contains vast collections of works of art (including portraits of leaders Romania) weapons, oriental carpets, furniture and tableware. The buildings are surrounded by magnificent gardens with marble statues and fountains.
ON FOOT AND ON SKIS
Carol used to spend every summer at Peles Castle, but it was not only fascinated by the person. Many beautiful landscapes and hiking enthusiasts take footsteps.
Because of the beautiful surroundings and location accessible to more than 100 km from Bucharest) Prahova Valley is one of the most popular tourist regions in Romania.
The larger resorts (Sinaia, Predeal, Busteni and Azuga) are full of tourists all year: summer attracting many hikers who want to make a tour of hiking trails and winter offers accommodation facilities for crowds of skiers.
There are over a dozen trails of varying difficulty and the ski season lasts from December to March.
Did you know?
At the beginning of the century. XX, Prahova Valley has become very popular among the country’s artistic and literary elite.
Campina city was home to impressionist painter Nicolae Grigorescu (1838-1907) and the writer and historian Hasdeu (1838-1907) who sought solace in the landscape of the region after the death of his beloved daughter.
Houses two museums dedicated to personalities shelters now lives and their achievements.
BLACK GOLD OF PRAHOVA
Romania has one of the richest oil deposits in Europe. Before World War II, the country extracted over 7,000,000 tons annually and is the second largest in Europe and seventh in the world. Today, oil extracted only covers half the country needs.
York Region is a center of oil refining in Romania. The biggest refinery in the country is located near Ploiesti. Oil gazduiesteMuzeul city itself, on the history of Romanian oil industry.
Exhibits include tools a hundred years old, used to extract „black gold”, a collection of geological maps and documents, models of oil wells and old photos.
PLACES TO VISIT
- Sinaia, „The Pearl of the Carpathians”, is one of the most beautiful resorts in the Prahova Valley. The city is located at the foot of two castles; here is a beautiful and elegant villas built monastery at St. Sec. XIX.
- City logs at the foot Craiman is a starting point for trips to the pile Omu or mountainous rock formations Sphinx and Babele. Among the attractions of logs is a stone church built in 1889.
A CARPATHIAN BORDER
Spring River Prahova under Predeal Pass in Bucegi. River belongs to the Black Sea basin. Flows southeast direction, covering a distance of 183 km to reach the confluence with the river Ialomita.
PRAHOVA VALLEY IS A BORDER BETWEEN THE CARPATHIANS AND CARPATHIANS.
The valley is located west of the mountains Baiului have an average height of 1,100 m above sea level, and east to the steep slopes of Bucegi (where the highest peak is more than 2,000 m above sea level).
Did you know?
Dacia thought Bucegi are a living god holy Zalmoxis, who lived in a cave in Mount mythical Kogainon.
A GREEN VALLEY
Mountains surrounding Prahova Valley are covered with mixed forests consist mainly of spruce, beech and fir trees. Forests are a remnant of the ancient forest of beech Carpathian, which once occupied most of the territory.
The trees grow to a height of 1400-1500 m above sea level. The vegetation from areas of high Bucegi is made from alpine.
The most common plants in this ecosystem include yellow gentian, edelweiss and garden angelica.
Mountain slopes covered by forest shelter predatory mammals such as bears, wolves, wildcats and lynx.
Bucegi are live and mountain goats. The natural environment of the mountains Baiului (also known as the mountains Garbova) is less diverse.
Many of the trees here have been cut down for timber and to create pastures for cattle.
5 FASCINATING THINGS
- Sinaia Monastery belfry bell, weighing 1700 kg, was brought to the Tower corner Bucharest, destroyed in an earthquake.
- Mountain shelter from Omu Peak, the highest peak in Bucegi (2514 m above sea level), is sheltered from the highest height of the Carpathian Mountains.
- The first oil refinery in the world is one in Ploiesti.
- Sinaia Monastery holds priceless books Cantacuzino family gathered, and the first Bible written in Romanian.
- Prahova Valley is one of the wine regions of Romania. Locals usually produce dry wines – red and white.