PARIS – TRADITION AND MODERNITY
Not in vain the city’s coat of arms contains a ship floating on the water. The river has provided the inhabitants with water and the inspirational artists Claude Monet lived on a Sena boat, as was William Wharton who wrote the „floating house on Sena.”
THE RIVER BASICALLY DIVIDES THE CITY INTO TWO PARTS, THE RIGHT BANK AND THE LEFT BANK.
ILE FROM CITE
An island on Sena called Ile de la Cite forms the heart of Paris. Probably around 400 BC. Was occupied by Paris tribes, after which the city was named afterwards.
However, according to the legend, the name comes from Paris, the son of the king of Troy, who landed on the island after escaping from the Greeks and formed the first settlement here. The island is linked to land by seven bridges and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Paris, despite the ban on car traffic.
The most famous cathedral of France, Notre-Dame, is also there. In front of the cathedral you can see Point-Zero (zero point), a pavement landmark, from which the distance to all the cities of France is measured.
A BOHEMIAN CITY
Rightly, Paris was called a Mecca of artists. Many writers, poets and painters lived there. They preferred the Montmartre district, located on a hill guarded by the dome of the Sacre Coeur church.
There lived, worked and loved Vincent Van Gogh, Auguste Renoir, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Pablo Picasso and Frederic Chopin.
At the beginning of the 19th century, most of his artists moved to the Montparnasse neighborhood, which he named Victor Hugo, Arthur Rimbaud, Marc Chagall and Ernest Hemingway.
With regard to office space, the modern and sophisticated neighborhood – La Defense – is the largest business center in Europe. Many of the tallest buildings in Paris are here.
Surface traffic is forbidden, but most office buildings are accessible through an underground transport system.
CABARET, THEATERS AND SCHOOLS IN PARIS
- Paris is the place where the literary cafés and cabarets appeared, especially in the Montmartre district.
- The most famous cabaret, Moulin Rouge, located in the red lantern district was built in 1889. It is worth visiting and theaters with a long tradition:
- The National Opera of Paris, built by Emperor Napoleon III;
- The French Comedy, founded in Louis XIV century;
- Champs-Elysees Theater;
TWO COLLEGES WITH TRADITION IN PARIS ARE:
- The Sorbonne, founded in the middle of the 12th century;
- College de France
PLACES TO VISIT
Paris is the capital and largest metropolitan area of France and one of the most important tourist destinations in Europe.
Each year, over 15 million tourists stay in Paris hotels and around. 30 million visit the city. Paris hosts the most famous museum, the Louvre, the prestigious Sorbonne University, and is considered the world capital of fashion.
- The Notre-Dame Cathedral, the most famous Gothic monument, built in the 13th century, witnessed Napoleon’s crowning as Emperor of France.
- The House of the Invalids, erected in 1670 by Louis XIV, in honor of war veterans.
- The Eiffel Tower, built in 1889 for the Universal Exhibition, commemorating 100 years of the French Revolution; France’s tallest structure (300m)
- Louvre, the d’Orsay Museum and the Pompidou Center.
- Latin Quarter, St-Germain-des-Pres Monastery
- Champs-Elysees, the most famous street in Paris and the Arc de Triomphe, whose building was commissioned by Napoleon in 1806 to commemorate its victories.
- The Palace of Versailles, with its park and the Tours Museum.