KORNATI ARCHIPELAGO – JEWEL OF THE ADRIATIC
Deserted islands, windswept limestone cliffs high, secluded coves and caves unexplored – Kornati archipelago seems the perfect place for an adventure with pirates.
TRACES OF ANCIENT SETTLEMENTS:
The first people arrived in the Neolithic. This assumption is supported by the discovery of a stone in Zeljkovci Totpal at the foot deaslului Pedinka on Kornat island. Nearby, archaeologists have found the ruins of an Illyrian settlement and Gorgan.
Toreta hill was the site of Roman settlement that left posterity ruins of houses with colorful mosaic floors, and a flock of stone. Down the hill there is the ruins of a church built in the Byzantine period. Traces of old asezarri can meet and islands Lervnaka,
Lavsa, Panitula and Jadri. Island Piskera stone jetties were built to anchor merchant ships and fishing vessels. The Romans created salt Sipnata island.
Kornati islands surrounding waters are rich in marine life. On the bottom you can find coral (22 types, including red coral „noble”) and sponges and starfish colorful and spiky sea urchins.
You can find and mussel Pinna nobilis rare variety. Seabed hunting fish – scorpion, whose colors and shapes it camouflages perfectly rocky surface. Those on their back are dangerous even for adults.
Precul Adriatic waters swarming fish bream, fish moon, sea bass and eels from the sea. Purara waters around the island are particularly rich in marine life, and here to set up a marine reserve.
KORNATI NATIONAL PARK:
Created in 1980, it has its boundaries in the central and southern archipelago. It comprises 89 islands and islets, including Kornat and Murter, and the waters around them. The park has a total area of 220 square kilometers, representing two thirds of the entire archipelago.
MOST ISLANDS ARE UNINHABITED AND THE PARK ARE ONLY SEASONAL RESIDENTS.
Visiting Kornati Archipelago, George Bernard Shaw wrote, „the last day of Creation, God desired to crown his work and created the Kornati islands out of tears, stars and spirit.”
5 THINGS FASCINATING:
- – islands seven registered inhabitants, although none lives there all year round.
- – Kornati National Park UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- – the name comes from the Latin word Kornati Coronati (crowned) and refers to the rocky cliffs called crowns.
- – waters surrounding the archipelago are home to a rich population of dolphins nosed thick; indeed, it is believed that there are 220,000 of these dolphins in the Adriatic Sea.
- – in 2000 discovered a species of carnivorous sponges (asbestopluma hypogea) on the bottom of a pool karst island Veli Garmejak.