COLOSSEUM – SYMBOL OF THE ETERNAL CITY

Built within eight years, giant Flavian Amphitheater, named after the Colosseum, it ranks among the most beautiful building in town.

GAINING PEOPLE

If a king wanted to win gratitude and good citizens of Rome, he built a circus, following the principle Panem et circenses (bread and CIRS, or games).

The inhabitants of ancient Rome could not imagine life without games. Emperor Vespasian and his son Titus decided to raise an amphitheater at an unprecedented scale before.

BACKGROUND

  • Built – 72-80 BC
  • Location – Via del Fiori Imperia, Rome, Italy
  • Height – approx. 50 m
  • Width – 156 m
  • Length – 188 m
  • Circumference – 527 m
  • Capacity – 50,000 – 90,000 people


MORE SPECTACULAR THAN EVER

Vespasian wished to eclipse predecessors and chose a location in the old park Nero drained swampy pond and used a plate giggantica the time of Emperor Nero. It is estimated that for the most difficult works used 70,000 Hebrew slaves.

From Trivoli, which is 27 km away, the builders have transported 50,000 carts with blocks of travertine – a limestone called Egyptian alabaster. In Santa ironic amphitheater it took its name from the demolished statue of Nero nearby, which had a height of 35 meters and was placed on a pedestal 18 meters.

Did you know?
There is belief that the Coliseum was the site of mass murder of Christians, as described in books and movies. In recent years, some researchers have suggested that the main locations of Christian martyrs in Rome were the Gardens of Nero and Circus Massimo.

However there is no doubt that in the Colosseum were killed Christians, forced to fight with gladiators and wild animals, or – as „enemies of the system” – executed during breaks between fights gladiators.


A MASTERPIECE OF ARCHITECTURE

The construction was designed perfect: elliptical, 188 m long, 156 m wide, with a high exterior facade of 50 m, divided into rows of arches Doric, Ionic and Corinthian.

Gable holders have 240 poles, which 200 sailors of the imperial fleet sails giant settled on an area of ​​20,000 square meters, and has raised plenty of sunshine and rain. Inside, four cross-vaulted floors were connected by an intelligent system of corridors, stairs and ventilation channels.

These, together with the 80 entries, allowed access to thousands of people in minutes. For centuries, the functionality of the building remained a model for architects and builders.

HOW LONG WILL COLISEUM

Exis of a prophecy which will last as long as Rome Colosseum resist, and if the building ceases to exist, Rome – and thus worldwide – and it will cease to exist.The hypothesis could be verified if gradual demolition of the amphitheater would not be interrupted.

Fortunately, Pope Benedict XIV century. XVIII brought a significant saving construction constributie when declared it a monument to the Christian martyrs.

Did you know?
Most impressive performances in the Colosseum, with the participation of thousands of gladiators and wild animals were held in 259 to celebrate the 1000 anniversary of the Eternal City.

THE CROWD AND ARENA

The intended audience (cavea) of the Roman Colosseum reflect social order.Ranks at the top, away from the arena, they were for citizens of blanket lowest and the best seats were reserved for nobility. King states waters throne in the middle of a platform called suggestum, surrounded by family and senators.

Arena have wooden floors, elevators rape site by an underground network of corridors and areas with equipment and storage rooms for props.

Thus it was possible to change quickly depending on the type of competition decorurilorin: scenery African scenery fighting lions or bears woods fights.Before battles with gladiators and wild animals, the arena was covered with a thick layer of sand to absorb the impressive volume of blood.

A GIANT INVINCIBLE

The construction was designed perfect: elliptical, 188 m long, 156 m wide, with a high exterior facade of 50 m, divided into rows of arches Doric, Ionic and Corinthian.

Gable holders have 240 poles, which 200 sailors of the imperial fleet sails giant settled on an area of ​​20,000 square meters, and has raised plenty of sunshine and rain.

Inside, four cross-vaulted floors were connected by an intelligent system of corridors, stairs and ventilation channels.

These, together with the 80 entries, allowed access to thousands of people in minutes.

For centuries, the functionality of the building remained a model for architects and builders.

FIRST SHOW

The first show was held in the amphitheater, it seems a battle on the water. Arena was covered with a tarpaulin and filled with water, and two squadrons of warships could wear a struggle.

After this show, the Colosseum was closed to be extended. The construction lasted seven years until 80 AD After completion, the amphitheater has become the main location for Roman games.

The performances of pea battles steps have been abandoned after the needle has been renovated in the arena during Domitian.

PROFESSION: GLADIATOR

The main attraction of the Roman games were gladiators, warriors specially trained to fight and kill for the pleasure of spectators. They enjoyed great popularity, sometimes fighting against each other, but more often with prisoners of war, slaves and convicts.

The idea was sparing gladiator because – well trained and very popular among the crowd – it was too precious to be sacrificed easily during combat.

So, usually, their less experienced rivals and wild animals were those who died.At the end Conquests decision to kill or not adversary he was taken by the emperor, who announced the decision by targeting up thumb (saving lives) or down (death sentence).

In this process, the king held out usually what the crowd.

100 DAYS OF GAMES

Some games organized in the Colosseum were extremely impressive. Emperor Titus games organized for the inauguration of his reign lasted 100 days and included gladiators fighting individually and in groups.

Participants and thousands of wild animals, mostly imported from Africa – elephants, lions, tigers (as Cassius, 9,000 of them were killed). Sand arena was red with blood.

5 THINGS FASCINATING

  • Constantin cel Mare wanted to end battles with gladiators, but bowed to pressure citizens of Rome too attached ejocuri penlin one likes calculation option.
  • Telemaus a cagardin sec. V switched Romanian population to stop organizing games, the stones last fos omoratcu.
  • Pope Benedict XIV, who celebrated Good Friday service in aul Colosseum for the first time in 1750, has placed a cross in the center; subsequently moved, the cross returned in 1926.
  • The Coliseum is visited by approx. 4 million tourists annually. Rome Mayor raise funds for renovations needed.
  • Administrator historical monuments in Rome recently proposed rebuilding battles with gladiators in the Coliseum.